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Macular Degeneration Specialist

Marano Eye Care

Ophthalmology & Cataract & Corneal Surgeons located in Denville, NJ, Livingston, NJ & Newark, NJ

Age-related macular degeneration is a common problem that affects more than 11 million Americans. There’s no cure for macular degeneration, but with early intervention, it’s possible to slow the diseases’ progression. At Marano Eye Care, Matthew Marano Jr., MD, Edward Decker, MD, Sanjai Jalaj, MD, and the team diagnose and treat all types of macular degeneration. To schedule an appointment at the Denville, Livingston, or Newark, New Jersey, office, call to speak with a member of the administrative staff or book online today.

Macular Degeneration Q & A

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is an eye-related health problem that causes central vision loss. 

At Marano Eye Care, the team diagnoses and treats both types of macular degeneration:

Dry macular degeneration

Dry macular degeneration occurs when small deposits called drusen to develop under the macula — a small area in the center of the retina at the back of your eye. Over time, the build-up of drusen causes vision loss.

Wet macular degeneration

Wet macular degeneration occurs when abnormal blood vessels form at the back of your eye. It progresses quicker than dry macular degeneration, causing hazy or blurred vision.

Who is at risk of developing macular degeneration?

Researchers aren’t entirely sure what causes macular degeneration, but several factors are thought to increase your risk, including:

  • Being 55 or older
  • Having a family history of macular degeneration
  • Smoking
  • Being overweight
  • Having high cholesterol

You’re also more likely to experience macular degeneration if you’re living with heart disease.

How is macular degeneration diagnosed?

To diagnose macular degeneration, Marano Eye Care reviews your ocular health history and asks about your symptoms. During the initial consultation, let the team know about any changes to your vision.

After gathering some basic information, the team conducts a dilated eye exam. By increasing the size of your pupils with special eye drops, the team can assess the back of your eyes for the build-up of blood, fluid, or drusen. 

How is macular degeneration treated?

Treatment for macular degeneration depends on the type:

Wet macular degeneration

If you have wet macular degeneration, the team refers you to a low-vision rehabilitation specialist. The specialist teaches you how to cope with vision loss. They might also recommend a prescription medication like anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs to stop the growth of new blood vessels at the back of your eye.

Dry macular degeneration

If you have dry macular degeneration, the team recommends artificial lens placement. By replacing your natural lens with an artificial one, it’s possible to enhance your field of vision and prevent additional complications.

To learn more about treatment for macular degeneration, request an appointment at Marano Eye Care. Book online or call the nearest location to speak with a member of the administrative staff today.